Nowadays, technology is very present in our lives, so that more and more, computer evidence is part of the day to day in the judicial field. One of the most common cases is the accreditation or challenge of events that occurred in computer systems.
A computer system is a set of elements that makes the automatic processing of information possible. These elements refer to three types of components:
In short, we could say that a computer system allows the obtaining, storage, processing and issuance of information.
There are computer systems of all kinds, but the most common in terms of the expertise of computer systems, are those of business management and websites.
We have to bear in mind that the field of computer systems is totally unknown to the courts of justice, so it is essential to provide an expert opinion on them. If an expert opinion of computer systems is not carried out properly, not only will the opposing party be able to challenge the evidence, but the court itself will be unable to understand what has happened and will not be able to render a judgment adequately.
The most frequent types of orders are:
“The appealed judgment considers that the contractual breach has occurred from two extremes: on the one hand, regarding the term established in the contract as essential. And on the other, in the defects in the work carried out. The first aspect is evidenced in the email of 3-30-15 (folio 204), in which the reasons for the termination of the contract are expressed: 7 months late, when the 5th stipulation of the contract set a maximum term (folio 46) of 2 months from 26-5-14, considering a delay of more than one month as a ‘critical incidence'”.
“Secondly, and in relation to the assessment of the expert report, it should be noted that, although the experts should not supplant the decision of the Judicial Branch, but rather help shape it, their intervention in relation to the issue discussed here is decisive. Starting then, ex art. 348 LEC, of the rules of sound criticism, we understand that the expert report provided is rigorous, and must be evaluated in the same terms as the judgment appealed against, evidencing the numerous defects in the execution of the work entrusted to the plaintiff (It is to mean section 4 of chapter 8 of the same, folios 150 152), in which, within the Functional Examination of the Application, the numerous defects and failures of the work carried out are reported, making the expert say that ‘the application is clearly incomplete, presenting serious execution errors, as well as absence of required functionality and incorrect performance of tasks’, adding as a conclusion (after considering the content of the opinion reproduced, avoiding unnecessary repetitions) that ‘the computer application examined does not constitute a finished product in any case …, it is not a truly professional work'”.
“The plaintiff, a company that provides technology to its ccustomers for the global distribution through the internet of tickets for shows and leisure activities, which on July 14, 2014 signed a contract with … for the implementation of the software program …, a contract that the defendant breached because the platform never worked properly. This contractual breach of … has caused the plaintiff some damages quantified in the amount claimed.“
“The appealed ruling is essentially based on the ineffective and invalid expert evidence that has been provided as the only justification for the facts imputed in the letter of dismissal to the plaintiff, for several reasons explained by the Magistrate of Instance in her ruling. The first is because she understands that the expert presented by the company lacks an official degree in computer science, although at this point it is recognized that the expert is the person who provides computer assistance to the company as a freelancer, which implies at least a practical knowledge of what he is hired for. On the other hand, the informal nature of the expert evidence and the questioning of the chain of custody are argued. Special mention is also made of the breach of the guarantees of the plaintiff’s right to privacy at the time of carrying out the inspection and search of the computer equipment, declaring it proven that the plaintiff was not present. In short, the Magistrate of Instance, evaluating this evidence and the testimonies provided at the oral trial concludes that the defects in the practice of the expert evidence carried out by the company prevent granting probative value to this means of proof, and given that it is essential to prove the facts imputed to the plaintiff, declares the dismissal unjustified.”
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